Today 25/04/2016 is World End Malaria Day.
People, stakeholders and health organization across the world take part in wide range of activities to mark the occasion by to put an end to the killer disease.
214 million cases globally
438,000 deaths globally
90% of deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa
70% of deaths are children under five
About 3.2 billion people – almost half of the world’s population – are at risk of malaria
In 2015, 97 countries had on-going malaria transmission
80% of estimated malaria cases occur in 15 most affected countries
35% of malaria deaths occur in just two countries: Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Cost of malaria
Since 2000 malaria has cost sub-Saharan Africa US$ 300 million each year for case management alone
Malaria is estimated to cost endemic countries up to 1.3% GDP
Achieving 2030 targets for malaria control will add an estimated US$ 1.2 trillion to endemic countries’ economies
Malaria can account for up to 40% of public health spending in the most endemic countries
Malaria and the costs of treatment trap families in a cycle of illness, suffering and poverty
Progress since 2000
Between 2000 and 2015:
The malaria mortality rate has fallen by 60% globally
The number of malaria cases has fallen by 37% globally
As a result, it is estimated that there has been a cumulative 1.2 billion fewer malaria cases and 6.2 million fewer malaria deaths
57 countries reduced malaria incidence by more than 75%, and a further 18 reduced malaria incidence by 50-75%.
Target 6C of MDG 3 ‘to have halted and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria’ was achieved.
Required health expenditure
In 2014, the global total of international and domestic funding for malaria was US$ 2.5 billion – less than half of what is needed.
It is estimated that annual investments must increase to US$ 6.4 billion by 2020, then US$ 7.7 billion by 2025, and finally $US 8.7 billion by 2030 – in order to achieve a 90% malaria reduction.